Rooftop Farming

Every year acres of farmland are cut and converted into Urban land to manage the increasing population of the country. With less land to grow and more mouths to feed, the country is falling into the problem of lack. To bring harmony and balance between industrialization and farming, Rooftop Farming has emerged as an amazing option.

Rooftop Farming is the cultivation of the fresh finished products on the top of the buildings and houses. It is a man-made technique to utilise the topmost levels of the house or building into something unique and green. It is an organic form of farming that is often protected by Greenhouse coverage on the top.

Rooftop Greenhouses are majorly used to protect the farm from external diseases and pesticides. In this farming, Hydroponic Farming Technique is used in which plants are grown in water and not in soil. It opens a wide array of options to produce according to your taste and nutrient content you wish to consume. Rooftop Farming also encourages people to use their extra space and turn it into a farm from where they can procure healthy and insect-free food.

One of the unique features of Rooftop Farming is that the plants can be grown using natural resources in abundance. The Hydroponic Technique utilises water and rooftop offers an ample amount of sunlight to the plant. The Hydroponic System uses merely 1/10th – 1/5th of the water used in soil cultivation. However, you need a greenhouse set-up to prevent your rooftop farm from any damage.

What are the benefits of Rooftop Farming?

  • It improves your health as you tend to grow plants that you will eat.
  • It contributes to the betterment of the environment.
  • It helps you utilize the unused roof space into something beneficial
  • It helps in decreasing CO2 and increasing oxygen in the environment.

Why do you need a greenhouse for Rooftop Farming?

  • It prevents the farm from excessive sunlight.
  • Protects the crops from winds, insects, and external damaging factor.
  • Enhances photosynthesis and acts as a safe shelter to the plants
  • Safeguard the plants from pollution

“The Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) has inked a pact with M/s Innovative Greenhouse Projects LLP, Bathinda, for licensing of rooftop vegetable nutrition garden model using soilless media technology.”

Dr. Navtej Singh Bains, Director of Research, PAU, and Mr. Rajiv Chaudhary, Chairman, Innovative Greenhouse Projects LLP, Bathinda, signed the memorandum of agreement (MoA) on behalf of their respective organizations. Mr. Devendra Goswami, Director, Innovative Greenhouse Projects LLP, Bathinda, also graced the occasion.

Dr. Bains congratulated the proprietors for sharing the responsibility of disseminating technologies developed by PAU.

Dr. K.G. Singh, Senior Research Engineer, Department of Soil and Water Engineering, informed that PAU has become a pioneer in developing a rooftop/terrace vegetable nutrition garden model for the urban and peri-urban population using soilless media. The technology was developed under All India Coordinated Research Project on Plasticulture Engineering and Technology operating In the Department of Soil and Water Engineering, PAU, he added. “The technology requires only 12.6 sq m (net area = 4.2 m x 3.0 m) and gross area is of 20 sq m (5.5 m x 3.6 m). The vegetable produced will be sufficient for a family of 2-4 persons. Ten vegetables like tomato, bell pepper, cucumber, coriander, broccoli, spinach, pea, lettuce, fenugreek, and Chinni Sarson are being grown; with staggered sowing/transplanting, vegetables would be available round the year,” he explained.